Afghanistan has always been an amalgamation of tribal and ethnic identities, delaying the formation of any pan-Afghan political parties. Instead, the Tajik party Jamiat-e Islami, the Uzbek political party, Junbish Milli Islami, the Hazara parties, the fragmented Pashtun parties, and other smaller groups vie for power. Howeve, it was an independent candidate, Ashraf Ghani, who won the 2014 elections, and Hamid Karzai in 2009 and 2004 elections. Tribal politics are in part a problem of resource competition internally, but also a problem of foreign meddling.
I graduated from Kabul University with a degree in Law and Political Science, and since 2012, co-founded the Youth Development Association of Afghanistan. I write for a number of journals and magazines focusing on politics, security and political stability. I am the Deputy Director of the Organization for Policy Research and Development Studies, an Afghanistan think-tank committed to strengthening democratic ideas and values through policy research and capacity-building.
Changing our path ahead begins with an honest assessment of where we are standing today. When our government and controlling stakeholders allow for dialogue, research and real journalism, then we can learn what we are doing right and wrong.